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Scientists unlock menu of the Earth's early lifeforms. Subscribe for our daily newsletter. Hot Opinion. Hillel Fuld. Hillel's Tech Corner: A solution for an abundance of data. Yaakov Katz. Editor's Notes: The birth of the drone. Liat Collins. Ruthie Blum. Most Read. Kushner in Bahrain: Economic prosperity is pathway to Mideast peace. The material culture of the region exhibits numerous common points between Israelites and Canaanites in the Iron I period c. The record would suggest that the Israelite culture largely overlapped with and derived from Canaanite culture In short, Israelite culture was largely Canaanite in nature.

Given the information available, one cannot maintain a radical cultural separation between Canaanites and Israelites for the Iron I period. In Frederick E. NYU Press, pp. Journal of Biblical Literature. The Jewish Study Bible 2nd ed. The Ancient Near East. July The Bible and Interpretation. Hasel, Michael G. Handbook to Life in Ancient Mesopotamia. In Becking, Bob ; Grabbe, Lester eds. As a West Semitic personal name it existed long before it became a tribal or a geographical name.

This is not without significance, though is it rarely mentioned. The word Israel originated as a West Semitic personal name. One of the many names that developed into the name of the ancestor of a clan, of a tribe and finally of a people and a nation. The Israelites in History and Tradition. Retrieved 15 March Mohr Siebeck, , p. Atlas of Jewish History.

Encyclopedia of the Roman Provinces. University of South Dakota. Archived from the original on 7 April Retrieved 9 February A History of Palestine, — Cambridge University Press. Cooper The geography of genocide. University Press of America. Retrieved 1 January Retrieved 17 May Haifa was taken [ Albert of Aachen does not mention the date in a clear manner either.

From what he says, it appears that it was mainly the Jewish inhabitants of the city who defended the fortress of Haifa. In his rather strange Latin style, he mentions that there was a Jewish population in Haifa, and that they fought bravely within the walls of the city. He explains that the Jews there were protected people of the Muslims the Fatimids. They fought side by side with units of the Fatimid army, striking back at Tancred's army from above the walls of the citadel Judaei civis comixtis Sarracenorum turmis until the Crusaders overcame them and they were forced to abandon the walls.

The Muslims and the Jews then managed to escape from the fortress with their lives, while the rest of the population fled the city en masse. Whoever remained was slaughtered, and huge quantities of spoils were taken. Resnick CUA Press. Susan B. Edgington Oxford: Clarendon Press, , and Maimonides established a yearly holiday for himself and his sons, 6 Cheshvan , commemorating the day he went up to pray on the Temple Mount, and another, 9 Cheshvan, commemorating the day he merited to pray at the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron. Bloch One a day: an anthology of Jewish historical anniversaries for every day of the year.

In David Ben-Gurion ed. The Jews in their Land. Aldus Books. Saladin: hero of Islam. The Jewish settlement in Palestine, — Retrieved 21 December Devora Publishing. Retrieved 23 December Princeton University Press. Sharon Encyclopedia of Islam, Second Edition. Koninklijke Brill NV. Salkin, Sharon La Boda, pp. Twenty centuries of Jewish life in the Holy Land: the forgotten generations.

Israel Economist. The Holy Land under mandate. Hyperion Press. Retrieved 25 December It was the time when the Jewish settlements of Galilee were destroyed by the Druze: Tiberias was completely desolate and only a few of former Safed residents had returned Encyclopedia Britannica.

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Retrieved 15 October English Historical Review. CXXIV : — Archived from the original on 21 February Institute for Palestine Studies. Retrieved 19 March Palestine Between Politics and Terror, — Abingdon and New York: Routledge. Smith M. Sharpe, p.

Organ Culture in Israel and Palestine by Gerard Levi (2005, Paperback)

Kushner, Sage, p. By Blood and Fire , G. The Palestine Triangle. Andre Deutsch. Inside Terrorism. Columbia University Press. General Assembly resolution. Archived from the original on 6 August Special Committee on Palestine. Archived from the original on 10 June Archived from the original on 3 January Retrieved 31 July Palestine Brighton: Sussex Academic Press. Retrieved 3 September Osprey Publishing. We will sweep them into the sea. Ahmed Shukeiry, one of Haj Amin al-Husseini's aides and, later, the founding chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization , simply described the aim as "the elimination of the Jewish state.

Archived from the original on 7 January Retrieved 13 October The United Nations. Archived from the original on 12 September Retrieved 13 July Clarendon Press. The transcript makes it clear that British policy acted as a brake on Jordan. Country Studies. Retrieved 12 February Retrieved 17 June Land and Power. Stanford University Press. Arlen N. New York: The Free Press, Retrieved 4 September The Founding of the State of Israel. Greenhaven Press. Syracuse University Press. Nasr Fedayeen to attack Eisenhower and Israel: U.

University Press of Florida. The blockade closed Israel's sea lane to East Africa and the Far East, hindering the development of Israel's southern port of Eilat and its hinterland, the Nege. Another important objective of the Israeli war plan was the elimination of the terrorist bases in the Gaza Strip, from which daily fedayeen incursions into Israel made life unbearable for its southern population. And last but not least, the concentration of the Egyptian forces in the Sinai Peninsula, armed with the newly acquired weapons from the Soviet bloc, prepared for an attack on Israel.

Here, Ben-Gurion believed, was a time bomb that had to be defused before it was too late. Reaching the Suez Canal did not figure at all in Israel's war objectives. The escalation continued with the Egyptian blockade of the Straits of Tiran, and Nasser's nationalization of the Suez Canal in July On October 14, Nasser made clear his intent:"I am not solely fighting against Israel itself. My task is to deliver the Arab world from destruction through Israel's intrigue, which has its roots abroad.

Our hatred is very strong. There is no sense in talking about peace with Israel. There is not even the smallest place for negotiations.

Israel harvested organs without permission, officials say -

The continued blockade of the Suez Canal and Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping, combined with the increased fedayeen attacks and the bellicosity of recent Arab statements, prompted Israel, with the backing of Britain and France, to attack Egypt on October 29, Gamal Abdel Nasser, who declared in one speech that "Egypt has decided to dispatch her heroes, the disciples of Pharaoh and the sons of Islam and they will cleanse the land of Palestine There will be no peace on Israel's border because we demand vengeance, and vengeance is Israel's death.

The level of violence against Israelis, soldiers and civilians alike, seemed to be rising inexorably. In the short-term, however, he employed a new tactic to prosecute Egypt's war with Israel. He announced it on August 31, Egypt has decided to dispatch her heroes, the disciples of Pharaoh and the sons of Islam and they will cleanse the land of Palestine These "heroes" were Arab terrorists, or fedayeen, trained and equipped by Egyptian Intelligence to engage in hostile action on the border and infiltrate Israel to commit acts of sabotage and murder.

Retrieved 19 July Retrieved 31 May The Suez Crisis. Israeli border tension. Egypt refrained from reactivating the Fedaeen, and As a result of these actions of Egyptian hostility within Israel, Israelis were wounded and killed. In alone, as a result of this aspect of Egyptian aggression, 28 Israelis were killed and wounded. Retrieved 18 September Cambridge Review of International Affairs. Parker Indiana University Press p.

Syria and Israel: From War to Peacemaking. Greenwood Publishing Group. Mutawi Jordan in the War. Although Eshkol denounced the Egyptians, his response to this development was a model of moderation. His speech on 21 May demanded that Nasser withdraw his forces from Sinai but made no mention of the removal of UNEF from the Straits nor of what Israel would do if they were closed to Israeli shipping. The New York Times Magazine.

Retrieved 11 February Retrieved 13 March Research on Terrorism: Trends, Achievements and Failures. On This Day. Retrieved 15 July Retrieved 8 April Retrieved 14 January A history of the modern Middle East. Westview Press. Middle East Policy. V 1 : 34— Retrieved 1 June Retrieved 6 January November The Quarterly Journal of Economics.

Israel's Lebanon War. Begin: The Haunted Prophet. Random House. A History of the Israeli—Palestinian conflict. Indiana University Press. Retrieved 28 March Boston College. Archived from the original on 27 August Department of State. Archived from the original on 22 January Retrieved 30 March Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 31 March Settlements information. Foundation for Middle East Peace. Archived from the original on 26 August United States Institute of Peace Press. The Jewish Chronicle.

Retrieved 22 April The Wall Street Journal. The Jewish Week. Archived from the original on 13 October The Atlantic. Retrieved 27 March USA Today. Archived from the original on 20 October Retrieved 1 October Los Angeles Times. The Washington Post. Strategic Perspectives. Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. The Washington Times. Perspectives Papers on Current Affairs. Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies. Archived from the original on 14 June Strategy Research Project.

United States Army War College. Policy Focus. Washington Institute for Near East Policy. The Middle East strategic balance, — Sussex Academic Press. United Nations Security Council Resolution Sydney Morning Herald. The Jerusalem Post.

All the operations were successful and the patients are recovering.

Retrieved 20 November Retrieved 8 February Retrieved 14 November Retrieved 13 June Israel Ministry of Tourism. Retrieved 20 July Retrieved 19 September Israel and the Palestinian Territories. Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved 24 February Earth and Planetary Science Letters. Quote: The major ones were recorded along the Jordan Valley in the years 31 B. If we follow the patterns of nature, a major quake should be expected any time because almost a whole millennium has passed since the last strong earthquake of Shmuel Shmulik Marco.

New Scientist. World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 16 April Retrieved 3 April The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on 20 January Retrieved 11 July Retrieved 7 November Archived from the original on 16 January Archived from the original on 30 April Retrieved 29 September Archived from the original on 19 October Archived from the original on 7 June Archived from the original on 27 November Retrieved 14 August In Daniel J. Elazar; Morton Weinfeld eds. The Global Context of Migration to Israel. Moment Magazine.

Israel Economic Review. Jewish Social Studies. The Guardian. Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Archived from the original PDF on 29 October Retrieved 26 May The Jewish People Policy Institute. Israel Hayom. Retrieved 29 October The American Prospect. Retrieved 25 August Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies. Daily Sabah. Retrieved 9 May Settlement Information. Retrieved 12 December The Times of Israel. Retrieved 2 July The Plain Dealer. Round Table on Language and Linguistics. In , the newly independent state of Israel took over the old British regulations that had set English, Arabic, and Hebrew as official languages for Mandatory Palestine but, as mentioned, dropped English from the list.

In spite of this, official language use has maintained a de facto role for English, after Hebrew but before Arabic.

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Kluwer Academic Publishers. English is not considered official but it plays a dominant role in the educational and public life of Israeli society.

Palestinians: If Israel left the West Bank and Gaza, would there be peace with Israel?

It is the language most widely used in commerce, business, formal papers, academia, and public interactions, public signs, road directions, names of buildings, etc. English behaves 'as if' it were the second and official language in Israel. In terms of English, there is no connection between the declared policies and statements and de facto practices.

While English is not declared anywhere as an official language, the reality is that it has a very high and unique status in Israel. It is the main language of the academy, commerce, business, and the public space. Retrieved 10 May Pew Research Center. Central Bureau of Statistics: Archived from the original PDF on 21 August The Economist. Jerusalem: its sanctity and centrality to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Continuum International Publishing Group. Lonely Planet Publications. Archived from the original on 29 June Retrieved 8 January American Bible Society. Retrieved 3 July Retrieved 20 January Archived from the original on 18 December Archived from the original on 13 September Education Resources Information Center.

Archived from the original on 18 February Retrieved 4 August Publications Department. Ministry of Immigrant Absorption. Retrieved 30 August Jewish educational attainment". January Retrieved 5 August Retrieved 5 March Kehlia News Israel. Embassy of Israel In India. Ahmed was hit by a bullet in the back of his head and another in his pelvis. I realised immediately he was dying. He was not moving at all.

He was taken to the operating theatre and they decided he had to be transferred to Israel because his situation was so critical. Abla says the doctors told her that both bullets exploded inside her son, causing considerable damage to his brain and body. It is one of the issues she returns to in anger and suspicion. Part of his brain was on his clothes," she says. Couldn't they just have shot him in the leg? Ahmed was moved to an Israeli hospital in Haifa, but by then his mother had given up hope.

He tried to do more tests. They kept his heart beating but I knew he was not alive," she says. When Ahmed died two days later, his father had already decided what to do. Ismail's brother, Shokat, died in at the age of 22 of kidney failure. My brother had kidney failure and since we didn't have the proper treatment for him, his situation deteriorated and it affected the second kidney and that lasted for 15 years," he says.

I lived the whole ordeal and I wanted to stop others suffering like that. I told the doctors I wanted to donate Ahmed but first I had to consult from a religious point of view, and my family and my society. Ismail first asked his wife. Her wait in the hospital left her in no doubt. I have seen children in deep need of organs, in deep pain. It doesn't matter who they are. We didn't specify that his organs would go to Arabs, Christians or Jews. I didn't want my son to suffer, I didn't want other children to suffer regardless of who they are," she says.

Of course my son was martyred and they were the criminals and they took his life away but we are the ones who could give life back to them. And maybe my son is still alive in someone else. We are the ones who want peace and love and they are the ones who break their promises and who don't want peace. Ismail sought an assurance from the mufti of Jenin that there was no religious objection.

Transplants are a divisive issue within Muslim communities but the mufti said he saw no obstacle to donating Ahmed's organs or to them going to Israelis and Jews. Then came what Ismail calls "society".

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In Jenin, that is not so much the neighbours as those who control the streets, principally the al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades and Zubeidi, who has dispatched his share of suicide bombers into Israel. Ahmed's heart was transplanted into a year-old Israeli Arab girl, his lungs into a Jewish teenager suffering from cystic fibrosis and his liver was divided between a seven-month-old Jewish girl and a year-old mother of two suffering from chronic hepatitis.

The kidneys were divided between a three-year-old Jewish girl and a five-year-old Bedouin Arab. She is named after a brother she never knew who died of the same genetic heart condition before she was born. Samaah waited five years for a donor. Before the operation, she was so weak that she stopped going to school because she was unable to walk more than a few yards at a time.

Her father, Riad, called the donation "a gesture of love". Her mother, Yusra, was overwhelmed as she waited at her daughter's bedside. But I am also happy that my daughter has the chance to live. I am very grateful that in their pain they thought of our pain. The other families have chosen not to speak in public as yet.